Skip to main content

Medication & Treatment

People with diabetes use many medications to both manage blood sugar levels and also to prevent or treat health complications.

For people with type 1 diabetes, the most important drug is insulin; some people with type 2 diabetes also take insulin. For people with type 2 diabetes, glucose-lowering medications include metformin, sulfonylureas, TZDs, SGLT-2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists, DPP-4 inhibitors, and more.

Some of these drugs are injected, others are taken in pill form, and some are even inhaled. Learn about the different treatment options available and which might be best for your lifestyle.

Metformin
Insulin
SGLT-2 inhibitors
GLP-1 agonists
DPP-4 inhibitors
Combination drugs
Sulfonylureas (SFUs)
TZDs

What's new

Have you or someone you know had trouble affording diabetes care during COVID-19? During the pandemic, healthcare companies have created programs to help people get diabetes medications and devices. More than a year into COVID, which access programs exist, and how long we can expect them to stay in place? Continue Reading »

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has updated its recommendations, encouraging prediabetes and type 2 diabetes screening for people with excess weight or obesity starting at age 35. It also encourages the use of preventive lifestyle interventions when possible. Continue Reading »

Emerging evidence shows that variability in your A1C level may put you at a higher risk of stroke and heart disease.  Continue Reading »

Zegalogue emergency glucagon comes as a pre-filled injection or auto-injector pen and can be used to treat severe hypoglycemia quickly.  Continue Reading »

Drug company Lilly released important results showing that the new therapy may be extremely effective for people with type 2 diabetes. Across three clinical trials, tirzepatide reduced A1C by an average of 2.5 percentage points and led to a weight loss of about 25 pounds. Continue Reading »

The use of metformin – the most common initial medication for people with type 2 diabetes – was associated with a lower rate of mortality from COVID-19 among people with diabetes in a study in Alabama, confirming five previous studies. Continue Reading »

Are you interested in trying oral insulin? If you are an adult with type 2 diabetes, take part in a 26-week clinical trial that’s studying how well an insulin pill can lower a person’s A1C and fasting glucose levels. Continue Reading »

Learn about the different forms of insulin and how to choose the best types for you. Continue Reading »

Pages